This is a spouted beer pot.
It is from grave 722 at Qau el-Kebir (Antaeopolis). This spouted jar would have made the beer easy to pour. A lid would have keep dirt and flies out, and slowed down the rate of evaporation, without the need to remove it to pour the beer. This is a spouted beer pot. It is made from clay. It is at least 4,100 years old, dating to the 6th Dynasty (about 2345-2181 BCE) in the Old Kingdom.