This is a faience fragment with the cartouche of Ramesses II.
It is from Serabit el-Khadim, Sinai. This fragment is part of a vessel, perhaps from a votive offering of food or oil. The name of Ramesses II, one of the most powerful of Egyptian kings, may reflect the date it was made or be part of an offering formula. The ancient Egyptians mined turquoise at Serabit el-Khadim, in the Sinai Peninsula. The miners’ settlement included a temple to the goddess Hathor, ‘lady of turquoise’, and many faience objects were given to her as offerings. This is a faience fragment with the cartouche of Ramesses II. It is made from faience. It is over 3,000 years old, dating to the 19th Dynasty in the reign of Ramesses II (about 1279-1213 BCE) in the New Kingdom period.